Clean heating "retreat" storm resurgence来源：中国能源报 作者: 朱妍 阅读：316 网友评论0条 Updated: 2019-12-11 09:38 Source: China Energy News Author: Zhu Yan reading: 316 2010 0 comments
"After the expiration of the three-year subsidy policy for gas-based coal and electricity-based coal, referring to the provincial practice, the municipal level will subsidize the subsidy year by year, with 50% in the first year and 25% in the second year. Three-year city-level subsidies are no longer available, and each (county, district) can formulate specific operating subsidy measures based on actual conditions. ”— Recently, the reporter was informed of a copy of the" About Rural Areas " The Notice on the Matters Concerning the Financial Subsidy Policy for Clean Heating ”stated above regarding" refund ".
Due to the practical needs of controlling inferior bulk coal and reducing the burden on users, subsidies are crucial to the implementation of clean heating. According to the current policy, the time limit for local subsidies is basically three years, and the issue of maturity and continuity has therefore attracted much attention. The reporter further learned that the withdrawal is not a plan in Tangshan, but will affect the entire province of Hebei. In other words, the first batch of users who have completed the transformation will gradually face withdrawal from next year, and Hebei will become the first province to cancel local subsidies.
Compared with burning coal in the past, the cost of replacing coal with gas and electricity has risen, and it is an indisputable fact that it will increase the economic burden on users. Once the subsidy is cancelled, can users afford it? Just two months ago, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment publicly stated that "we must increase investment in clean heating and ensure that subsidy funds are paid in full and on time." What's the reason for Hebei's plan to withdraw instead?
Phase out in three years
Clean heating operation subsidy
According to the “Hebei Province Clean Winter Heating Work Plan for 2018” issued by the Office of the Hebei Provincial Gas-fired Coal Power Generation and Coal Replacement Leading Group Office, users who have completed clean heating renovations mainly enjoy two subsidies for equipment purchase and operation. Except for the funds allocated by the central government, the rest shall be borne by the local governments.
For the operation part, the subsidy is borne by the province, city, and county. According to the above plan, a subsidy of 0.8 yuan per cubic meter of gas for heating residents will be given, and a maximum subsidy of 1,200 cubic meters of gas and 960 yuan per household during a heating season; a subsidy of 0.12 yuan per kilowatt-hour for electricity consumption for heating residents, up to a maximum of one household per household 10,000 kWh, 1,200 yuan. Although the 2019 annual plan has not been made public, according to a number of locals, the operating subsidy is still based on the 2018 standard, which is also the next step involving refunds.
Tianmou, an industry insider who is familiar with the situation, told reporters that currently only Tangshan has publicly issued red-headed documents, but the withdrawal covers the entire province. "The province's withdrawal signal is clear, and local governments can make city and county-level policies based on actual conditions. It is only a matter of time before they become public."
Subsequently, as a user, the reporter called the Shijiazhuang Shuangdai Office, and the staff also confirmed that the subsidy period was 3 years from the year when the renovation was completed, and it was gradually reduced to 50% and 25% in the fourth year, until it was completely cancelled. "For example, if you are a user of gas replacement coal in 2017, you can still enjoy a gas subsidy of up to 960 yuan in the heating season 2019-2020. The maximum subsidy of 480 yuan next year will be reduced by half in the fifth year, until the sixth year. This is not the case in Shijiazhuang. We are also based on provincial policies, at least at this stage. Whether there will be adjustments in the future depends on the actual situation. "
Taking Shijiazhuang as an example, the reporter also found that the subsidy has actually been reduced once. The local government issued the "Notice on Adjusting the Financial Subsidy Policy for Clean Heating in Rural Areas in 2018" last July, stating that during the 2018 heating season, residents will be given a subsidy of 1.4 yuan per cubic meter of gas, with a maximum subsidy of 1,680 yuan per household. Provincial, city and county levels bear 320 yuan, 900 yuan and 460 yuan respectively. According to the implementation of Document No. 30 of Jidai Coal Office , the gas subsidy standard for 2019 and 2020 was reduced to 0.8 yuan / m3, and the maximum subsidy for each household was 960 yuan. "The city has close to 1 million users. To be honest, local subsidies have been very strong." The above-mentioned double agent said.
Withdrawal is mainly due to
Excessive local financial pressure
In an interview with reporters in mid-October, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Ecology and Environmental Protection clearly stated that "we must increase investment in clean heating funds and ensure the timely and full payment of subsidy funds." Hebei took the lead in "reversing", and many in the industry believed that it was mainly due to excessive local financial pressure.
"The pressure is no longer a day or two. Although the policy proposes that counties and districts can formulate specific operating subsidies based on actual conditions, the financial burden will become heavier as they reach the county level," Tian told reporters.
We must not only undertake the task of cleaning and heating, but also face our own pressure-the reporter further learned that the above situation not only occurred in Hebei. Statistics show that in 2017-2018 alone, local governments at all levels in the north have invested more than 55.5 billion yuan for various clean heating subsidies, which is 2.8 times the central government's financial input.
"Compared to the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Heilongjiang have lower local fiscal revenues, public budgets, and disposable income of farmers, which means less affordable costs for clean heating users, greater funding gaps and subsidy pressures." In many field investigations, Liu Guangqing, director of the Beijing University of Chemical Technology's Material Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Center, found that similar situations abound.
Taking Shanxi as an example, the average per capita disposable income of rural residents in 2017 was about 10,788 yuan, which is about 1/2 of Beijing's and about the same as Hebei's. "However, Shanxi's subsidies are close to Beijing's, and even slightly higher than Hebei's." Liu Guangqing said that due to the post-subsidy subsidy model, some regions failed to fully implement the subsidy, and some equipment supply companies were forced to default on their payments.
Song Lingling, director of the Public Finance and Investment Research Office of the Environmental Planning Institute of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, confirmed that local heating finance is the main subsidy for clean heating, but most cities are facing greater pressure. "For example, in the first batch of 12 pilot cities, the ratio of operating subsidy expenditure to the general public budget expenditure of the year was 0.03% -1.46%, with an average of 0.52%. According to the completion of all reconstruction tasks in the three-year demonstration period, the current continued use of the current Under the subsidy standard, its expenditure will account for 0.11% -4.72% of the general public budget expenditure, and it will increase to 1.51% on average. "
"Some areas still have low availability of supporting funds. For example, in the first 12 pilot cities for clean winter heating in northern regions, the average local subsidy funding availability in 2017 was only 65.35%. It can also be seen that local financial pressure is widespread High. "Song Lingling said.
Beware of the risk of reburning of loose coal
Continuous subsidies have put pressure on local finances. However, the removal of subsidies is also accompanied by a great risk of "returning coal".
"At present, in terms of areas with better transformation and no return of coal, they are basically areas with relatively good economic conditions. Especially in many rural areas, residents' income is already limited. If they lose subsidy support, it is very It ’s difficult to take out extra money to pay for clean heating. For example, in the Fenwei Plain, coal is easier to obtain and the price is relatively low. Without strong policy advancement and funding guarantees, clean heating is even more difficult. " Chen Xiaojun, a researcher in the Ministry of Planning, believes that prematurely reducing or eliminating subsidies will make clean heating difficult to sustain.
Ren Shihua, deputy chief engineer of the Strategic Planning Institute of the Coal Planning and Design Institute, also said that among all costs, users value the actual cost after subsidies, that is, how much they have to pay. "From the perspective of the current ratio of heating expenditure to local disposable income, rural areas are between 2.55% and 8.92%. The colder the weather and the weaker the economy, the higher the ratio. Calculated on average 4%, even by 2020. Only rural users in a few areas such as Beijing, Tianjin, and Inner Mongolia can afford the increase in heating costs. Moreover, whether they can afford it or not, is also different. Without subsidies, implementation will be more difficult. "
In fact, localities are also under tremendous pressure to return to coal. The reporter recently learned of an "Opinions on Implementation of Accountability Responsibility for Clean and Heating Bulk Coal Reburning in Winter in Hebei Province." situation. Among them, as small as 1 administrative village, scattered coal recombustion of less than 5 households was found, and the township party committee government interviewed the village; as large as 1 county, 5 or more than one third of the townships were found, each township 3 Coal returning in more than 5 villages and more than 5 households in each village will be carried out by the relevant provincial departments to hold responsible persons accountable.
"On the basis of protecting the basic needs of the people's livelihood, it is recommended to gradually withdraw the subsidy." Song Lingling also said that in accordance with the "benefit principle", whoever benefits and who bears, the more benefits, the more commitments. Although the roles are different, the government, residents, and enterprises are all sharing bodies, and cost pressure should not be concentrated too much on one party.
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