Beijing Revises Regulations on the Management of Domestic Garbage来源：人民网 作者: 阅读：404 网友评论0条 Updated: 2019-12-10 11:45 Source: People of: Read: 404 2010 0 comments
The amendment to the "Regulations on the Management of Beijing Municipal Solid Waste" was passed recently and will be implemented on May 1 next year.
The "Regulations" stipulate: reduce the generation of garbage from the source, and takeaways must not actively provide disposable chopsticks, forks and spoons, and express delivery companies should use environmentally friendly packaging materials; individuals do not put garbage in accordance with requirements, refuse to correct it after persuasion, and repeatedly violate the law Will be fined; domestic garbage shall be collected and transported separately, and mixed loading and transportation shall be severely punished.
Recently, the amendments to the "Regulations on the Management of Beijing Municipal Solid Waste" were approved by the 16th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 15th People's Congress of the Municipal People's Congress and will be implemented from May 1 next year. This is the first time the regulation has been amended since it came into effect in 2012.
"The original" Regulations "mainly focused on prominent issues such as the serious lack of garbage disposal capacity at that time, and focused on speeding up the construction of facilities, encouraging waste classification, and improving the level of waste innocuous treatment. However, the source reduction measures and personal participation in garbage Classification lacks mandatory constraints, insufficient penalties for mixed shipments and illegal transportation, and lack of effective supervision mechanisms for waste classification and collection. This revision focuses on these outstanding issues to further improve and will provide solid legal support for Beijing's domestic waste management. "Said Hao Zhilan, director of the Urban Construction and Environmental Protection Office of the Standing Committee of the Beijing People's Congress.
To the source
Limit single use items
Encourage the use of environmentally friendly packaging
Beijing is a huge city with a population of more than 21 million. The city's domestic garbage removal volume increased from 6.48 million tons in 2012 to 9.29 million tons in 2018, an increase of 43.4% in 6 years. Increasing the amount of garbage generated, while occupying a large amount of land, it is also easy to form secondary pollution. Source reduction is a key link in the comprehensive implementation of the waste classification system. This revision further improves the source reduction measures and strengthens the rigid constraints of the system.
The "Regulations" stipulates that party and government agencies and institutions promote paperless office work, increase the use of recycled paper, and do not use disposable cups. Catering operators, catering delivery service providers and hotel operating units shall not proactively provide disposable supplies and shall set up eye-catching reminders. Those who actively provide disposable supplies in violation of the regulations shall be ordered by the comprehensive administrative law enforcement department of the city to immediately rectify and fine a fine of more than 5,000 yuan but less than 10,000 yuan.
Ma Jianying, deputy director of the Solid Waste Division of the Beijing Municipal Administration of Urban Affairs, said that during the revision of the Regulations, he had solicited opinions from catering associations, catering companies, takeaway companies, and hotel operating units. Some takeaway companies have suggested that it is difficult to deliver meals to customers if disposable packaging boxes cannot be used. Therefore, in the revised "Regulations", it is only proposed that the disposable chopsticks, forks and spoons should not be offered actively, and there is no restriction on disposable lunch boxes.
Before May next year, the Municipal Urban Management Committee will work with the market supervision department, commerce department, and cultural tourism department to formulate a detailed inventory of disposable supplies and issue related supporting work plans.
At the same time, Beijing will take measures to gradually promote the listing of net vegetables. For new large-scale vegetable and fruit wholesale markets, farmers' markets, and logistics distribution centers, the construction unit shall simultaneously configure waste vegetable and fruit on-site treatment facilities in accordance with planning and standards.
The environmental problems caused by massive express packaging waste cannot be ignored. The "Regulations" stipulate that courier companies should use electronic waybills and degradable and reusable environmentally friendly packaging materials to reduce excessive use of packaging materials and encourage them to take measures to recycle packaging materials. At the same time, e-commerce operators selling goods in Beijing should choose express delivery companies that use environmentally friendly packaging materials.
In addition, the "Regulations" prohibit the production and sale of ultra-thin plastic bags in Beijing. It is clear that supermarkets, shopping malls, and trade fairs and other commodity retail places shall not use ultra-thin plastic bags, and shall not provide plastic bags for free. Ma Jianying said that ultra-thin plastic bags refer to plastic bags with a single layer thickness of less than 0.025 mm. At present, the chargeable plastic shopping bags used in many shopping malls and supermarkets, as well as the rolls of fresh-keeping bags provided in the fruit and vegetable area, are compliant. After the formal implementation of the Regulations, the market supervision department will be responsible for supervising ultra-thin plastic bags and increasing inspection efforts. Those who use ultra-thin plastic bags in violation of regulations will be ordered by the market supervision department to immediately rectify and fine a fine of more than 5,000 yuan but less than 10,000 yuan.
Advocate for legal responsibility
Repeated violations will be fined
After the amendment of the Regulations, garbage classification will no longer stay at the level of active "advocacy", but the "statutory responsibility" of all residents and enterprises and institutions as garbage generators. The amended "Regulations" clearly stipulate that the units and individuals that produce domestic garbage are responsible for the classified waste release, and should be put into corresponding garbage collection containers according to the classification of kitchen waste, recyclables, hazardous waste, and other garbage. In terms of punishment methods, a gradient of punishment is set, and those who violate the regulations after being punished for violation of the law shall be punished more severely.
Specifically, the unit that violates the regulations shall be ordered by the city's comprehensive law enforcement department to immediately make a correction and be fined 1,000 yuan; if it violates the regulations again, it shall be fined 10,000 yuan to 50,000 yuan.
For individuals who do not put garbage in accordance with the classification requirements, the principle of combining punishment and education is followed. The person responsible for the management of domestic garbage classification shall first discourage him. The person responsible for the management of domestic garbage classification shall refuse to heed the persuasion. The department reported that the city administrative comprehensive law enforcement department gave a written warning and violated the regulations again and imposed a fine of 50 yuan to 200 yuan. It also stipulates that administrative penalties shall not be given to those who voluntarily participate in community service activities such as domestic garbage classification.
"This regulation mainly reflects education and guidance to develop the habits of sorting domestic waste, not punishment. For example, before the law enforcement department makes a decision on punishment, the person to be punished first reports to the street and the street designates a certain community. Let him be a garbage classification instructor for one day, and guide the residents of the community to carry out garbage classification. After the service is completed, return to the street to 'check in and write off', so that you can be exempted from punishment. Only a few people have a bad attitude and refuse to correct after being discouraged And those who violate the law repeatedly will be fined. "Hao Zhilan said.
Ma Jianzheng explained how to determine the punishment and the specific process of community service activities. In the next step, it is necessary to communicate and study with the urban management law enforcement department to further develop specific implementation rules and related law enforcement guarantee schemes.
Severe punishment for mixed shipments
Promotion of broken bags
Residents obey the regulations to do a good job of garbage sorting, but vehicles coming in for transport are mixed and transported, which will seriously discourage the source at the source. The amendment further increases the penalties for such illegal acts.
The "Regulations" stipulates that the unit that collects and transports domestic garbage shall classify and transport the domestic garbage to centralized collection facilities or transfer and processing facilities that meet the requirements. They shall not be mixed and transported, and may not be dumped, discarded, left behind, or piled up at will. Those who violate the regulations shall be ordered to be cleared by the comprehensive administrative law enforcement department of the city, and the amount of punishment shall be adjusted from 5,000 yuan to 50,000 yuan to 20,000 yuan to 100,000 yuan. If the circumstances are serious, the license for collecting and transporting domestic garbage may be revoked. Ma Jianzheng said that no matter which link is found to be bad in the classification of the previous link, or the public directly sees the phenomenon of "mixed loading and mixing" in the garbage collection and transportation unit during the clearance process, they can report to the urban management law enforcement department Report.
Regarding issues of high concern to the public, such as whether to carry out scheduled and fixed-point delivery, or whether "bag breaking" is required, Hao Zhilan said that regular and fixed-term garbage placement is conducive to the development of residents' classification habits and reduction of supervision costs. The "Regulations" do not implement uniform city-wide mandatory regulations According to the local measures, this measure is adopted, and various district governments can adopt various methods such as the establishment of fixed barrel stations and regular fixed-point collection and transportation to carry out waste sorting. In terms of "breaking bags" of kitchen waste, Hao Zhilan introduced, according to Shanghai According to experience, the release of broken bags is mainly to supervise and inspect the quality of classification and promote the development of habits. According to the actual situation of northern cities, Beijing promotes and encourages residents to carry out “broken bags”, but does not impose rigid regulations.
"Beijing's garbage sorting is more from the service side, which will not cause more trouble and inconvenience to the citizens. We will not easily withdraw barrels, nor will it be time-limited. The punishment measures are more inward. Institutions and garbage collection and disposal enterprises have strict requirements. As long as the citizens release it in accordance with the classification standard, the rest will be left to us. Please rest assured. "Sun Xinjun, director of the Beijing Municipal Administration Committee.
At present, Beijing is working hard to publicize the Regulations and related supporting preparations. The supporting action plan for Beijing's domestic garbage classification work and related supporting implementation methods for party and government agencies, social units, residential quarters, garbage collection and transportation, and domestic waste reduction will also be announced before the end of the year. At the end of this year, Dongcheng District, Xicheng District, Shijingshan District, and Tongzhou District will take the lead in the creation of full coverage of waste classification.
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